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Destination Details

Sutjeska, Bosnia And Herzegovina

Sutjeska National Park  is located in the eastern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Established in 1962, it is Bosnia and Herzegovina 's oldest national park.

It includes the highest peak of mt Maglić at over 2,386 metres (7,828 ft), on the border with Montenegro.

The Strict Nature Reserve “Perućica”, one of the last two remaining primeval forests in Europe, is part of the park. The park is also famous as being the location of the Battle of the Sutjeska in 1943 during World War II. It is an affiliated member of EUROPARC Federation.

Perućica forest reserve, located within the national park, was established in 1952 and is one of the last two remaining primeval forests in Europe.

Perućica Forest Reserve is 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) long, 1–3 kilometres (0.62–1.9 mi) wide, and has an area of 1,400 hectares (3,500 acres). It is a UNESCO recognized site. The forest has many trees that are 300 years old, and the primeval forest's vintage is stated to be 20,000 years. In some stretches the forest growth is almost impregnable.

Skakavac Waterfall is located within the Perućica Forest Reserve. It is one of the highest waterfalls in country, some 75 metres (246 ft) plus, and it is hidden by Perućica primeval forest and its the massive blanket of green trees of beech and spruce that engulf the valley.

The Sutjeska River, which divides Zelengora Mountain from Maglić mountain, Volujak and Bioč mountains has carved a valley through the middle of the park; the canyon is 3,936 feet (1,200 m) deep.

The Zelengora mountain hides in its forests and wide and grassy plateaus, 9 glacial lakes, also known as "Gorske oči" (literally translated in Eng.= "Mountain Eyes"). These lakes are: Crno Lake, Bijelo Lake, Orlovačko Lake, Gornje Bare Lake, Donje Bare Lake, Štirinsko Lake, Kotlaničko Lake, Kladopoljsko Lake, and Borilovačko Lake.

Trnovačko Lake is a glacial lake at an elevation of 1,500 metres (4,900 ft), is 700 metres (2,300 ft) long and 400 metres (1,300 ft) wide set amidst a "huge amphitheater of rocky peaks". The lake is drained from the Maglic, the Volujak and the Bioč mountain ranges. The lake water is green-blue in color.

The Fauna of the National Park is diverse and considerable. Bear, chamois, boar, wolf, pine marten and mink marten, wild cat, fox, and wild goats have been sighted in the park, particularly in the Perućica forests. The park has more than 300 species of birds in the large areas of lakes  and wetlands.  Some of the bird species reported from the Perućica forests are: Golden eagle, grouse, grey hawk, blackbird, Greek partridge, and others.

The park is also famous as being the location of the Battle of the Sutjeska which lasted from 15 May to 16 June 1943 during World War II, where the Partisans were victorious over the German occupying forces in a battle.

In the battle, the Partisans were led by the Supreme Headquarters of Yugoslavia by Marshal Josip Broz Tito who foiled the enemy’s plans.

The Partisans were successful in breaking out of the encirclement even though they lost one third of their men. Several large Partisan’s Memorial stone monuments commemorate this event at the northern edge of the park at Tjentište, on the way to primeval Perucica forest reserve.

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